Update: Behind the scenes look at protesters at the execution covered from both sides of the issue
Stanley Tookie Williams III (December 29, 1953 – December 13, 2005) was the co-founder, with Raymond Washington, of the widely known and notorious Crips street gangs. In 1981, he was convicted and sentenced to death for the 1979 murders of four people in two separate incidents. Williams later became an anti-gang activist while onDeath Row in California , renouncing his gang affiliation and apologizing for the Crips’ founding. He co-authored children’s books and began programs to prevent youth from joining gangs. However, throughout his time in prison, Williams refused to aid police investigations with any information against his gang
Williams was executed by lethal injection at San Quentin State Prison, California, on December 13, 2005; he was declared dead at 12:35 a.m. PST (08:35 UTC).
Williams was the 12th person executed by the state since California reinstated the death penalty in 1977.
Williams was reportedly nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize every year from 2001 to 2005; nominations came from Mario Fehr, a member of the Swiss Parliament ; and from Notre Dame de Namur University Philosophy and Religion Professor Phil Gasper; Citation needed. William Keach, a Brown University Professor of English Literature, nominated Williams for the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Williams’ critics have argued that these nominations were irrelevant to his case, as anyone can be nominated for the prize by an eligible party; there is no “pre-selection” process for the nomination. Williams did not win the prize.
- Daniel Teddy Katzman’s website
- Save Tookie!
- Timeline on Tookie’s life from streetgangs.com
- Crips Gang Co-Founder Executed in Calif.
- Legal documents (in PDF format):
- Motion for Post Judgment Discovery from savetookie.org
- Executive Clemency petition filed by Curtis, Mallet-Prevost, Colt & Mosle LLP, from the law firm’s website
- Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Response to Clemency petition from the District Attorney’s website
- Governor’s decision denying clemency from the Governor’s website
- Snoop Dogg Attends Rally from streetgangs.com
- Petition to Save Tookie from an Internet petition website
- Transcript and audio of interview with Williams from Democracy Now!
- The Crimes of Tookie Williams from About.com